Friday, February 29, 2008

About Axom Xahitya Xabha (Assam Literary Society) & Bodo Sahitya Sabha




The Axom Xahitya Xabha (Assamese: অসম সাহিত্য সভা, Ôxôm Xahityô Xôbha or "Assam Literary Society") was founded in 1917 in Assam, India to promote the culture of Assam and Assamese literature. Presently it has about one thousand branches all over Assam and also outside the state. The central office is at Jorhat a city of historical importance. The branches and the district units also have their offices in their respective places.

Till 1826 A.D. Assam was ruled mainly by Ahom and Koch dynasties. In 1826, Assam came under the rule of the British, and in the process it had become a part of the political map of India. Of course Assam was always an integral part of the cultural map of India.

However , the history of modern Assam, modern Assamese language and literature and culture found their starting points in the early part of the 19th century. Since 1872 some efforts were made to build up some organisations to work for the development of Assamese language, literature and culture of the modern period.

Ôxôm Xahityô Xôbha was the final results of all those efforts. In 1917 it came into being. The first conference was held in the month of December 1917 under the presidentship of Padmanath Gohain Baruah, a big name in the history of modern Assamese literature. Since then the annual conference, nowadays biennial, is held with great pomp and grandeur, and a writer of high reputation is elected to the presidency of the Society.

The conference of the Society become a big literary festival, unique in its character, which is attended by thousands of people. The writers of the state assemble, exchange their views and address the people.

Objectives of Axom Xahitya Xabha

Since 1926, it has been publishing a quarterly research journal regularly. Besides publications, the Sabha holds writer's meet, poet's meet, seminars, talks, meet the author programmes, memorial celebrations ( of the writes of the past etc. ). The Sabha confers three very prestigious titles to the creative writers and scholars.
Also, it conducts thirty endowment funds to award the writers, scholars and artists of the state. Asam Sahitya Sabha carries the cultural aspirations of the people of Assam. It has been trying to propagate the human and democratic values.

For the all round development of the language, literature and culture,Asam Sahitya Sabha has been taking various programmes including the publications of Dictionary, Grammar, Research woks, monographs on languages, literature, culture, tribes and races etc., books on literary criticism, complete works of the great writers of Assam etc. The number of titles published till date is about 500 ( five hundred ).



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AXOM XAHITYA XABHA Presidents

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Year Name Place
• 1917 Padma Nath Gohain Barua, Sivasagar
• 1918 Chandra Dhar Barua, Goalpara
• 1919 Kaliram Medhi, Barpeta
• 1920 Hem Chandra Goswami, Tezpur
• 1923 Amrit Bhushan Dev Adhikari, Jorhat
• 1924 Kanaklal Barua, Dibrugarh
• 1924 Lakshmi Nath Bezbarua, Guwahati
• 1925 Rajani Kanta Bordoloi, Nagaon
• 1926 Benu Dhar Rajkhowa, Dhubri
• 1927 Tarun Ram Phukan, Goalpara
• 1929 Kamala Kanta Bhattacharyya, Jorhat
• 1930 Mafijuddin Ahmed Hazarika, Golaghat
• 1931 Nagendra Narayan Choudhury, Sivasagar
• 1933 Jnanadabhiram Barua, North Lakhimpur
• 1934 Ananda Chandra Agarwalla, Mangaldoi
• 1936 Raghunath Choudhari, Tezpur
• 1937 Krishna Kanta Handique, Guwahati
• 1940 Moidul Islam Bora, Jorhat
• 1944 Nilamoni Phukan, Sivasagar
• 1947 Nilamoni Phukan, Dibrugarh
• 1950 Ambikagiri Roy Choudhury, Margherita
• 1953 Surya Kumar Bhuyan, Shillong
• 1955 Nalini Bala Devi, Jorhat
• 1955 Jatindra Nath Duarah, Guwahati
• 1956 Benudhar Sarma, Dhubri
• 1958 Padmadhar Chaliha, Tinsukia
• 1959 Atul Chandra Hazarika, Nagaon
• 1960 Trailokya Nath Goswami, Palashbari
• 1961 Trailokya Nath Goswami, Goalpara
• 1963 Ratna Kanta Borkakati, Nazira
• 1964 Mitradev Mahanta, Digboi
• 1965 Dimbeshwar Neog, Nalbari
• 1966 Binanda Chandra Barua, North Lakhimpur
• 1967 Nakul Chandra Bhuyan, Dibrugarh
• 1968 Jnyana Nath Bora, Tezpur
• 1969 Ananda Chandra Barua, Barpeta
• 1970 Upendra Chandra Lekharu, Dhing
• 1971 Tirtha Nath Sarma, Makum
• 1972 Hem Barua, Dhubri
• 1973 Giridhar Sarma, Rangiya
• 1974 Maheshwar Neog, Mangaldoi
• 1975 Satyendra Nath Sarma, Titabor
• 1976 Jagyneshwar Sarma, Tihu
• 1977 Syed Abdul Malik, Abhayapuri
• 1978 Prasannalal Choudhury, Golaghat
• 1979 Atul Chandra Barua, Sualkuchi
• 1980 Jatindra Nath Goswami, Raha
• 1981 Sitanath Brahma Choudhury, Tinsukia
• 1982 Sitanath Brahma Choudhury, Diphu
• 1983 Birendra Kumar Bhattacaryya, Bongaigaon
• 1985 Jogesh Das, Bihpuria
• 1986 Biren Borkotoki, Kampur
• 1987 Mahendra Bora, Pathsala
• 1988 Kirthi Nath Hazarika, Hailakandi
• 1989 Mahim Bora, Dumduma
• 1990 Naba Kanta Barua, Bishwanath Chariali
• 1991 Nirmal Prabha Bordoloi, Dhudhnoi
• 1992 Lakshyadhar Choudhury, Goreshwar
• 1993 Bhupen Hazarika, Sivasagar
• 1994 Lila Gogoi, Morigaon
• 1995 Hitesh Deka, Sarthebari
• 1996 Laksminandan Bora, Bokakhat
• 1997 Nagen Saikia, Bilashipara
• 1998 Nagen Saikia, Howraghat
• 1999 Chandra Prasad Saikia, Hajo
• 2000 Chandra Prasad Saikia, Jorhat
• 2001 Homen Borgohain, Dibrugarh
• 2002 Homen Borgohain, Kalgachia
• 2003 Birendra Nath Dutta, North Lakhimpur
• 2004 Birendra Nath Dutta, Hojai
• 2005 Kanak Sen Deka, Siphajhar
• 2006 Kanak Sen Deka, Belsar
• 2007 Kanak Sen Deka, Chapar

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Some related information regarding Asom Xahitya Xabha
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1) What was foundation name of Asom Sahitya Sabha? When it was established ? Who were first president and secretary?

Foundation name of Asom Sahitya Sabha Was Sadau Asom
Sahitya Sanmilan.
It was established on 26th December 1917.
1st President was Pamanath Gohain
1st Secretary was Sarat ch. Goswami.

2. From when Asom Sahitya Sabha was renamed?

From 5th May 1924

3 Who is monographer of the symbol ? When it was drawn?

Jugal Das. It was drawn on 28th October 1960.

4) From when political persons are attending Asom Sahitya
Sabha?

In 1952 , Assam C.M. Bishnuram Medhi inagruated the function in Shillong.

Who was the first president for Asom Sahitya Sabha
for consecutive two times?

Bagmibar Nilmoni Phookan presided the Sabha in 1946 at Sivasagar and in 1948 at Dibrugarh conference.

Where is the head office of Asom Sahitya Sabhalocated?
Who and when opened it?

Chandrakanta Bhawan is the main office of the Sabha and is situated in the heart of Jorhat city.
It was opened by Sir John Kere , then Governor of Assam
on 2nd December 1926.

7. Which are opening and closing songs of Asom Sahitya Sabha?

Opening ------ Bajak Daba Bajak Sankh.
Closing ------O mor Aponar Desh.

8. What is the highest title of Asom Sahitya Sabha?
Sadasya Mahiyan.

9. Asom Sahitya Sabha observed a week on the demise day of Jyoti Prokash Agarwalla. What is the week?
Asom Sahitya Sabha Sapatah.

Address:

Asom Sahitya Sabha,
Dighlipukhuri, Guwahati, Assam 781001 India
Country: India
Phone:
91-361-2515830
91-361-2223146;

91-9435048146 (mobile)


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Bodo Sahitya Sabha
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On November 16, 1952, the Bodo Sahitya Sabha, the vanguard of Bodo language and literature, was founded at Basugaon, in the district of Kokrajhar, Assam consisting of representatives of Assam, West Bengal, Meghalaya, Nagaland, Tripura and Nepal in abroad.

Early work
After India obtained independence, a critical mass of Bodo intellectuals realized the need for preservation of Bodo language. Many early Bodo authors studied in schools and colleges, where medium of instruction was either Assamese or Bangla. Bodo intellectuals felt that Bodo language must be preserved and developed at par with Assamese and Bangla languages. Bodo people realized very late that the education was the key component to the overall development of Bodo people and their language. After prolonged struggle and determination of the Bodo Sahitya Sabha (Bodo Literary Organization), the Bodo language was introduced as a medium of instruction at primary level in 1963 and then at secondary level in 1968. Bodo language and literature has been recognized as one of the Major Indian Languages (MIL) in Gauhati, Dibrugarh and North-Eastern Hill Universities. In 1985, Bodo has been recognized as an associated state official language of Assam.


Recent development
Now the language has attained a position of pride with the opening of the Post-Graduate Courses in Bodo language and literature in the University of Gauhati in 1996. Moreover,under the aegis of the commission for Scientific and Technical terminology, HRD Ministry, the Govt. of India, the Bodo Sahitya Sabha is preparing more than forty thousand scientific and technical terms in Bodo language. Further, it is promised, the Sahitya Academy would accord "Bhasa Sonman"(respect for language) to the Bodo language and literature as an initial token of full-fledged recognition to it. Furthermore, the Govt. of India, in principle, has recognized the necessity of inclusion of the Bodo language and lterature in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India.

Contributions
Moreover the Bodo Sahitya Sabha has to its credit a large number of books on prose, poetry, drama, short story, novel, biography, travelogue, children's literature & criticism.

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